EPS European Politics and Society

The deepening of European integration has been accompanied by broader societal and demographic changes, such as individualisation, increasing cultural diversity, the rise of the service economy, and population ageing. In some respects European integration has served as a stabilising force relative to these societal shifts. In other respects, however, it has intensified them. Most notably, it has spurred mobility of firms and, also, of people (e.g. workers, students). For individuals, European integration opens new opportunities but also exposes them to increased, pan-European competition. Thus, many social relations have acquired a European dimension, while also introducing new divides between those who benefit from the new opportunities and those who experience increased competition. read more